The base form of the noun is the singular. Plurals can be formed by appending -es, or, if the base form ends in a vowel or a nasal consonant, -s.
Adjectives come before the noun they modify.
Novel adjectives can be formed by adding the suffix -ni (from the Russian ный -nyy) to a root word.
The default tense for a verb is the present. Tense can be changed by adding a particle or particles before the verb:
- Default: Present
- bi: Continuous
- wa: Past tense
- sa: Future tense
The imperative mood usually needs no special marking, although it may come across as impolite. This can be avoided by framing it as a question in the future, as the English do it:
Funga dor!/ˈfuŋgä dor/close doorClose the door!
Kya tu sa funga dor?/kʰjä tʰu sä ˈfuŋgä dor/Q 2s fut close doorWould you close the door?
For more abstract subjunctives, you might want to use the particle ke “that” — think the English construction “would that i…”.
Ke Ila baca Raja!/kʰe ilä bät͡ʃä räd͡ʒä/that god save monarchGod save the Queen!
Basa de Dunya uses the subject, verb, object word order in sentences.
Mi it tufaha·s./mi itʰ tʰuˈfähäs/1s eat apple-PLI eat apples.